The enlisted jobs in the Army and Marine Corps are referred to as military occupational specialties or MOS. Enlisted jobs in the Air Force are classed as Air Force specialty codes (AFSCs) and enlisted jobs in the Navy and Coast Guard are known as “rates” or “ratings”.
How are Enlisted Jobs Are Assigned?
Before selecting a military job, there are some things you need to consider, they include, the duties of a particular enlisted job, where you will train and live, how will you qualify, in what capacity will you deploy, etc.
There’s are also academic requirements you must achieve on the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB). This series of tests enables you and the military know where your strengths are, and for which jobs you will fare better.
You may also need extended fitness requirements for the job you are vying for (Special Ops, Rescue Swimmer, etc.). You may also require a security clearance from the Department of Defense, or U.S. citizenship, to stand qualified for some jobs in the military.
Army Enlisted Jobs
The Army stands as the largest branch of the U.S. military, and as such has the biggest selection of jobs. Each military occupational specialty (MOS) has it’s own required ASVAB score and some also have additional qualification factors.
Air Force Enlisted Jobs
The Air Force divides its own AFSCs (enlisted jobs) into the following categories; Operations, Maintenance & Logistics, Support, Medical & Dental, Legal & Chaplain, Finance & Contracting, and Special Investigations.
Navy Enlisted Jobs
The Navy divides ratings into various “Naval Enlistment Classifications” (NEC) or “communities”. Ratings that deal with aircraft are placed in the Aviation Community, and the related links are to the various Navy enlisted communities.
Marine Corps Enlisted Jobs
The Marine Corps collates its military occupational specialties with similar functions together into groups known as “Occupational Fields”, which are represented by the first two digits of the MOS. The first two digits of the MOS grouping identify related jobs (so infantry jobs would have similar looking MOS codes.
Coast Guard Enlisted Jobs
The Coast Guard Ratings consists of similar jobs like the Navy with a focus on shipboard maintenance and operation and aviation repair and maintenance.
Other physical ratings like Coast Guard diver and rescue swimmer are similar in fashion to the Navy jobs. Be it as it may, the Coast Guard are the police officers of the sea and have legal jurisdiction and arrest authority when confronting criminal activity.