Women, Infants, and Children Nutrition (WIC) is a program that provides food alongside nutrition counseling and access to health services in the United States only, The Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Nutrition program Offers federal grants to states for supplemental foods, health care referrals and nutrition education for low-income pregnant mothers, breastfeeding and non-breastfeeding postpartum women and also for infants and children who are found to be nutritionally malnourished.
The Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Nutrition program were publicly established in 1974 but then, it was in a form of a Pilot program in 1972, powered by the Food and Nutrition Service under the United States Department of Agriculture.
This act was formally known as the Special Supplementary Food Program for Women, Infant, and Children. The WIC name was changed under the acts of 1994 (Healthy Meals for Healthy Americans)
WIC partners with other services after the well-being of Children and family. It will interest you to know the role of this program. Let’s take a look at them:
there are basically three roles in which the WIC has to play out to the society.
- The first states: To find out about a child’s need for immunization and share that information with parents,
- The second role of WIC says: To carry out minimum immunization screening and referral protocols, not replacing the State Immunization Program responsibilities, and finally,
- And finally, the third role states: To implement other measures to increase the immunization rates of WIC children.
Normally, not all sets of persons are bound to enjoy this program. They are meant for a set of persons which we have mentioned earlier and this is the reason why you will be given a Voucher. This voucher gives you the authority to food stores. There are about 46000 merchants nationwide that accept WIC vouchers as they get cooperation from a wide variety of state and local organizations in providing food and health care benefits.
Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Nutrition program. Have been a great help to so many lives in diversity. Here are the services so far you can expect from this program.
Birth cost assistance: Birth outcomes. Have been greatly improved by WIC as they have helped to reduce. Premature births, longer pregnancy, reduce moderately low and very low birth weight infants, and ensuring parental. Care and savings in health care cost from $1.77 to $3.13 within the range of 60 days after delivery.
Diet and Diet-Related Outcomes:
They have drastically improved the Diet and diet-related caused by higher intake of iron, vitamin C, thiamin, niacin, and vitamin B6, without an increase in nutrient density. They have indicated an increase in the density of the diet. Also addresses the intake of ten nutrients without an adverse effect on fat or cholesterol and another effect as a result of cash income with the introduction of SNAP benefits cautioned at improving preschoolers’ intake of key nutrients. This has zeroed the iron deficiency anemia from 7.8% to 2.9% in 1985.
Breastfeeding mother’s outcomes grew:
the percentage of WIC Mothers breastfeeding in the hospital increased by almost 25 percent, from 46.6 to 58.2 percent. And then the infant mothers breastfeeding at six months age increased by 61.2 percent as a result of. The introduction of infant formula. This same formula was also recommended for non-breastfed infants for the first year.
Immunization Rates and Regular Source of Medical:
This program has brought about a regular immunization schedule for children from birth to two years of age. At this point in time, the whole children affected by low-income will participate.
This program has indeed improved the growth rates in public places like county and health departments, hospitals, mobile clinics, community centers, schools, Public housing sites, camps, and migrant health centers.
Improved Cognitive Development:
Cognitive development handles school achievement and behavior which has improved vocabulary scores for children of mothers who participated in WIC prenatally and significantly improves memory for numbers of children enrolled in WIC after first year of life.
Benefits of the WIC program
You have access to a number of resources as a beneficiary of the WIC nutrition program.
- First, Food packages.
- Secondly, health screening.
- Thirdly, revitalizing Quality Nutrition Services.
- Fourthly, breastfeeding Promotion, and Support.
- Immunization screening and referral to other health, welfare, and social services.
- Substance abuse referral.
- Also, WIC Works Resource System.
- Lastly, WIC Special Project Grants (loans).
There are criteria for applying for the women, infants, and children (WIC) Nutrition program. Let’s take a look at them.
There are three criteria in which one can qualify for the eligibility status of the WIC program and they are: residential requirements, nutrition risk requirements, income requirements, and categorical requirements.
the applicant’s gross income must not exceed 185 percent of the U.S. Poverty Income Guidelines.
Nutrition risk requirements:
To qualify also, you must have a nutritional risk assessment from a qualified health professional who could be a physician, nurse, or nutritionist. This nutrition qualification is based on height, weight, and growth assessment, Hematocrit or hemoglobin levels, general health history, and a diet.
The applicant must be a resident of the state where you are applying.
You must fall into one of the three categories which are women: pregnant, breastfeeding, postpartum, Infants: One year, and children up to five years.
How to Apply WIC
To apply to the Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Nutrition Program,
- You should first contact your state or local office agency to pick up an appointment.
To contact the official agency, there are toll-free numbers to call in every state of the United States. Or you can locate the agency closest to you and book an appointment. You will also get the necessary information on how to proceed with your application.
Over there, you will be organized for where to meet up and other requirements you should bring along on the day of the appointment. Until the day when your appointment falls, that is when you will be told the next action.
N/B: there is no online application for this program.