What is Subprime?
Subprime is loans for people with blemished or limited credit histories. They are loans that carry a higher rate of interest than prime loans to compensate for the increased risk to the lending institution. In order to maintain safe and sound operations, the lender is to determine whether this risk is acceptable and controllable depending on its staff, financial condition, size, and level of capital support.
Sometimes, borrowers may be classified as subprime despite having a good credit history. This is because the borrowers have elected to not provide verification of income or assets in the loan application process.
The loans in this class are known as. “Stated income and stated asset (SISA)” loans or even no income. No asset (NINA) loans. Understand that approximately 25% of mortgages. Originators are classed as subprime. The term subprime gets its name from the prime rate. Which happens to be the rate at which people and businesses with an excellent. Credit history are allowed to borrow money.
When it comes to mortgage lending. Subprime borrowers can relatively present less of a. Risk than in other types of unsecured subprime lending products because of the. The mortgage itself is secured by the home as collateral. Be it as it may, subprime. Borrowers may have a more difficult time obtaining a. Mortgage and can expect to pay a higher interest. Rate than the average borrower if they do.
Most of the subprime mortgages made in the years before. The global financial crisis were done using an. Adjustable interest rate which allowed borrowers to start the first several years of. Their mortgage with an extremely low payment. After the first three or five years. The interest rate is adjusted upward which makes the monthly mortgage. Payments extremely expensive for the borrowers. Most borrowers were. Unable to afford them after the adjustment tool place.
Before the global financial crisis took place. Subprime loans like mortgages were packaged together into large. Pools of loans and sold to investors. It was assumed that there was safety in. Numbers and because so many thousands of loans were being pooled together. It was thought that even if some of them defaulted. The mortgage pools would still be sound. Investments because of the false assumptions that the majority of the borrowers would still pay their mortgage payments.
Thereafter, the thousands of loans made to people who could no longer afford to make the payments after their interest rates were adjusted upward ended up defaulting. As a result, the pooled mortgage investments went under, and all of this helped to fuel the global financial crisis.
Other Subprime Products
Currently in the fintech market, a number of new companies, including various online lenders, now concentrate on subprime and thin-file borrowers. Credit agencies on their end have also developed new credit scoring methodologies for such borrowers. This in turn has helped in increasing the available offerings for subprime borrowers.
In today’s economy, one widely available product that offers an alternative for subprime borrowers is the secured credit card. With it, a borrower puts money into a special bank account and is then allowed to spend up to a certain percentage of that amount, using the secured card. After some time, the borrower may be eligible to upgrade to a credit card that comes with a higher credit limit.
Some companies on the other hand offer conventional, unsecured credit cards tailored to subprime borrowers. They include Credit One Bank, First Premier Bank, and First Savings Bank. The interest rates on these credit cards may top 30%, and they often come with annual fees of $100 or thereabout and monthly fees that range from $5 – $10 a month. Now, these cards usually have a lower credit limit than other cards. Which is another avenue lenders mitigate some of the subprime risks.
Another option is the non-revolving loans offered by subprime lenders. They include car loans. With interest rates in the range of 36%.
Yet another option is payday lenders. These are more controversial. Subprime credit alternatives. These lenders offer short-term loans at annual percentage rates (APRs). In some states which can exceed 400%.