The Default rate is the percentage found in any outstanding loans, written off as unpaid by the creditor after the loan periods. Default rate is as well-called penalty rate could be obtainable as a result of high-interest rate resulting in irregular payments on the loan.

When a borrower typically did not clear the payment after a due 270 days, this is automatically referred to as a default. In this scenario, the lender will prepare financial statements and transferred them to a collection agency.

Default Rate


  • Defaulted loan is simply calculated as the percentage of all outstanding loans, written off by the lender after the 270 days late of the period of payments. The percentage is calculated as a debt of the borrower is referred as the default rate.
  • Automatically, a loan is declared defaulted after 270 days late payment.
  • From the Default rate, statistics are made over the overall economic health.

Default Rate

Default rates are important for statistical measures of economic health. Thus, lenders will as well measure the exposed risk over any type of loan. Assuming a bank gets stocked with a high default rate on their portfolio, they will be forced to work on their lending procedures to reduce credit risk subsequently. The default rate is highly important as anything to the world economist in determining the health of the economy.

Lenders after reporting the statement of default to the. Collecting agencies or reporting agencies, economists can now. Determine the default rate for various types of consumer loans (inclusively mortgage, credit cards, and car loans). These indexes are collectively referred to as. S&P Experian Consumer Credit Default Composite Index. Here are some common names of indexes available

  • Firstly, S&P/Experian Auto Default Index
  • Secondly, S&P/Experian Consumer Credit Default Composite Index
  • Thirdly, S&P/Experian First Mortgage Default Index
  • Also, S&P/Experian Second Mortgage Default Index
  • Lastly, S&P/Experian Bankcard Default Index.

Moreover, the S&P/Experian Consumer Credit Default Composite Index seems to have the most comprehensive. Indexes as it comprises of first and second mortgages, auto loans. And bank credit cards.


Bank credit cards have the highest default rate and. Determined from the S&P/Experian Bankcard Default Index. Currently, the default rate on credit cards was 3.28% in January 2020.

Also, a default report or record will. Stay for six years on the consumer’s credit report even though he finally pays off the debt.

When the borrower continues to miss a payment for the second time. The lender becomes worried because the account is then considered delinquent for haven missed 60 days consecutive late in making payment. At this point, the lender can report it to the credit report agencies describing it as delinquency (an act of not responding to a contractual obligation especially payment of a debt, over an agreed time or period). This attitude will be recorded in the borrower’s credit report as a black mark. Remember late payment may warrant penalties such as an increment on the interest rate.

This process continues to go on

if the borrower misses the payment for two. Consecutive times and will be recorded black each time on the. Credit rating until the loan is written off and declared a default.

Default damages the credit score on the. Borrower, thereby resulting to a hard-time in getting approval for credit in the future.

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