Communism is a term that was first used in the mid-19th century. Which refers to an economic and political theory that. Advocated the elimination of private property and the common sharing of all. Resources among a group of people.
Defining communism in today’s world would refer to the. Political and economic ideologies which originate from. Karl Marx’s theory of revolutionary socialism, which advocates a proletariat. The overthrow of capitalist structures within a society. Societal and communal ownership and governance of the. Means of production. And the eventual establishment of a classless society.
Interestingly, Communism modern usage originated with Victor d’Hupay. An 18th-century French aristocrat who advocated living in communes. This was an ideology whereby all property would be. Shared and ‘all may benefit from everybody’s work’.
What Countries are Communist?
The following are the existing countries typically. Identified as being communist: Laos, Cuba, China, North Korea, and Vietnam.
Difference Between Communism and Socialism
Socialism refers to a system of social organization whereby private. Property and the distribution of income are subject to social control. Communism, on the other hand, is generally used to talk about. Political and economic ideologies that find their origin in. Karl Marx’s theory of revolutionary socialism. This advocates a proletariat overthrow of. Capitalist structures within a society. This societal and communal ownership and governance of the. Means of production and the eventual establishment of a classless society.
The Communist Manifesto
The Communist Manifesto was published in 1848. Which rejected the Christian tenor of previous communist philosophies. It layout a materialist and its proponents claim scientific analysis of. The history and future trajectory of human society. As written by Marx and Engels, ‘The history of all hitherto existing society. Is the history of class struggles.
The Communist Manifesto pointed out the French. Revolution as being the major historical turning point. When the ‘bourgeoisie’ the merchant class that was in the process of consolidating. Control over the ‘means of production’, overturned the feudal power. Structure and welcomed the modern, capitalist era. The said revolution replaced the medieval class struggle.
In the Communist Manifesto and later works. Marx, Engels, as well as their followers, advocated a global proletarian revolution. Which was to welcome the first an era of socialism, then of communism. The final stage of human development was to mark the end of the class struggle. And therefore of history: all people live in social equilibrium. One without class distinctions, family structures, religion, or property. The state, too, would ‘wither away’. With the economy functioning according to the Marxist slogan ‘from. Each according to his ability, to each according to his needs’.
Why Communism Failed
According to some researchers, here are some common reasons. Identified as the reason communism failed:
One of communism’s failure was the system’s inherent inefficiencies. Like centralized planning. Such planning. Requires aggregation and synthesis of enormous amounts of data at a granular level. Now because all projects were planned centrally. This form of planning was also complex.
Another reason why communism failed. Was the absence of incentives among citizens to produce for profit. This profit incentive leads to competition and innovation in society.
Another factor that has been pinpointed as to the reason communism failed. Is the fact that the concentration of power was in the hands of a select few. Which bred inefficiency and paradoxically enough. Offered them incentives to game the system for their benefit and retain their hold on power. Because of this, corruption and laziness became endemic. Features of this system and surveillance. It also disincentivized industrious and hard-working people. Which made the economy suffer at the end of the day.