A soft loan is a loan that has no interest or even a lower market interest rate. This is also known as concessional funding. This type of loan is support by lenient conditions like extended grace periods such as prolonged repayment length which includes interest holidays. This loan is very different from conventional bank loans as it can stay up to 50 years.
However, this loan is often offered by multinational banks and uncommon with private financing. Here are the financial institutions that offer soft loans: Development banks e.g. Asian Development Fund, affiliates of the World Bank, or federal governments are set of financial institutions that embark on borrowing developing countries that would be unable to borrow at the market rate.
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW
- Firstly, do you know that a soft loan is a loan with no interest. Rate or at the expense of not having any interest rate. Because it does not meet up the market rate?
- Secondly, do you know that soft loan supports. Enough leniency order than traditional loans?
- Do you know that in many developing countries. Because they cannot afford to borrow at the market rate. They go for a soft loan?
- Also, do you know that Soft loans are. Often offered by developing countries?
China is one of the developed countries that extend. Concessional funding to African nations and equally with enough leniencies in the last decade. Now according to the. China-Africa Research Initiative at the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, the. Chinese government has lent Ethiopia 410.7 billion. This in particular is a soft loan package with a grant clocking $23 million, serving as support to. Ethiopian development and infrastructure (E.g. power lines, industrial parks, cellular networks, roads, and railroads particularly of. Djibouti to Addis Ababa of Ethiopian capital city.
The parenting plan of this loan is to enable Ethiopia to promote the development of trade between the African country and the Asian giant. Another scenario of this Soft Loan from the Chinese government was extended to Angola in March 2004. Chinese lent a $2 billion soft loans to Angola in exchange for a continuous supply of crude oil to China.
Advantages of Soft Loans
- Even though the soft loan is established for broader diplomacy and policies, it is also open and favorable for businesses to partake in.
- In scenarios such as the Ethiopia transactions, it inclusively offered so many other grants. E.g. the railway construction was built not only with the funds from Chinese but as well by Chinese companies. Also, the companies that come into the complex were also Chinese companies and they were received with considerable tax breaks from the government of Ethiopia.
Disadvantages of Soft Loans
- Most nations tend to borrow and may not finish up or get less concern because of its length of payment.
- This is a disadvantage to the lender because this does not support or create avenues for dialogue or to make amendments with the borrowers.
- The incident of Chinese loans once has resulted in the debt-to-GDP ratio rising to 88%. Thus, this was a very big danger to Chain and they had to agree on restructuring some of the debt and lowering the repayments periods by 20 years.