The “5 Cs of Credit” is a term that is used in describing. The five major factors used in determining a potential borrower’s creditworthiness. Money houses use credit ratings in gauging. And also to know if one can get credit. And to know the interest rates and credit limits for borrowers. A credit report gives an account of the borrower’s total debt. Current balances, credit limits, and history of defaults and debt owed if there’s any.
The 5 Cs of Credit – Character
It happens to be the best aspect of the creditworthiness. It is believed that one’s track record of credit and making payments shows their “character” as important to the lender. This shows, they can repay a loan on time. Past defaults simply mean negligence which is not traits that are desirable.
Because of the skill needed to get a detailed list of a person’s credit history, financial houses like credit rating agencies or banks offer rating services. Note that, there may be a certain degree of variance in reports kept by many agencies. They include the names of past lenders, type of credit extended, payment timeline, and many more.
5Cs of Credit – Capacity
An entity’s Debt-to-income (DTI) Ratio, which is the ratio of its current debt to current income (before taxation), may also be checked. Collateral is not seen as a fair metric when it comes to one’s capacity because it is only canceled where the borrower fails to repay the principal amount of a loan. However, no collateral is asked in cases of loans like credit cards.
5 Cs of Credit – Collateral
Borrowers are asked to pledge assets under their names as collateral when being used for a secured product like a car loan or a home loan. These assets may include fixed assets like the title of a parcel of land or bonds.
The value of the collateral is checked by deducting the value of current loans secured via the same asset. The equity that is left, shows the true value of collateral for the borrower. The evaluation of the liquidity of collateral is also based on the type of asset, or its location.
5 Cs of Credit – Capital
Capital is seen as a pool of assets under the name of the borrower. It shows one earnings, savings, and assets like land, jewelry, etc. Loans can be repaid using the overall income. Capital, however, is security in case of setbacks like job loss.
5 Cs of Credit – Conditions
Refers to the specifics of any credit like the principal amount or interest rate. Lenders assess risk on how the borrower intends to use the money if they receive it.
Other external features like the state of the economy, federal interest rates, as well as political change are also taken into consideration. Note that the features are not personal as they cannot be changed by the borrower. Nonetheless, they indicate the level of risk that is linked with a certain investment.
Even though each financial house has its own unique method to check creditworthiness, the 5 Cs of credit are features for both a person and business credit desires. However, amongst the five, capacity seems to rank the best. Be it as it may, applicants who have high marks in each of these areas are more eligible to get bigger loans, a lower interest rate as well as more conducive repayment terms.