A dual banking system is a banking system where banks are. Chartered and regulated at either the national or state level. National banks get chartered by federal law and also supervised under a federal agency while state banks. On the other hand, are chartered by state laws. And supervised under a state supervisor. Understand that these varying levels of supervision translate. Into different rules for credit. Lending limits as well as services to customers.
Origins of the Dual Banking System
The United States dual banking system has a long history. In the early years, those who wanted to issue and circulate. Banknotes needed a bank charter, and most of those charters were issued at a state level.
The banknotes issued were unique to the institution. Thus were not insured and tended to exchange at a discount. When people were unable to trust the banking system.
Over time, the public realized that banks may be unable to redeem their notes at par. Which was an issue that came to the forefront during the banking panic of 1837.
Dual Banking Gains
The dual banking system is one that has arguably raised the performance of banking regulators also. Owing to the ability of banks to change charters. Regulators play a part by having an added. Incentive to control costs so that fees do not lead to charter switching.
However, some are of the opinion that the dual banking. System would not exist if today’s mature financial system were in place 150 years ago. Even though no one can be certain, the loyalty of consumers to their local community bank suggests that the dual. System will still thrive for decades to come.
Currently, the dual banking system allows for the co-existence of two different regulatory structures for state and national banks. This, in turn, translates into differences in how credit is regulated. Legal lending limits as well as variations of regulations from one state to the other. The dual structure has been tested and trusted by most economists. Who agree that it is okay for a sound and vibrant system.
National banks provide details that come from economies of scale. And product and service innovations gotten from the application of resources, while state banks. On the other hand, are more nimble and flexible when it comes to responding to the unique needs of customers in their own states. Their product and service advancements. Which are subject to approval in a more timely manner by state regulators who have the interests. Of their residents at heart could navigate to other states if. They are value-added for bank customers.